Blanket grass (Axonopus compressus). © 2020 TruGreen Limited Partnership. The grasses were grown outdoors in Brisbane, Australia, in soil in pots over two growing seasons in 1985/86. Sheep performance under intensive continuous grazing of native grasslands of, Cook, B. G.; Pengelly, B. C.; Brown, S. D.; Donnelly, J. L.; Eagles, D. A.; Franco, M. A. ; Hanson, J.; Mullen, B. F.; Partridge, I. J.; Peters, M.; Schultze-Kraft, R., 2005. In goats fed ad libitum indoors, in vivo DM digestibility and voluntary intake of aged Axonopus compressus swards (12 weeks of regrowth, 37% dead material) were higher than those observed in several young or aged swards of similar grass species. When it is possible to sow it, a fine weed-free seed bed must be prepared. Env. This research was arranged in a non factorial completely random design with two treatments, A1 (Systemic herbicide) and A2 (Contact herbicide). Not to be combined with or used in conjunction with any other offer or discount for the same service. General information about Axonopus compressus (AXOCO) Name Language; broad-leaf carpetgrass: English (AU) flat jointgrass: English (AU) Sci., 17 (12): 1663-1668, FAO, 2011. Growth, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded, Senanayake, S. G. J. N., 1995. Nutrition Laboratory of the Thai German Dairy Project, Livestock Breeding Station Huey Kaeo, Chiang Mai, Holm, J., 1971. The 2 upper racemes are paired and borne on a slender peduncle; they are generally one-sided. J. Appl. 333–356. Blanket grass is variable in size depending on environmental conditions and management. They bear racemose panicles. Foliage generally reaches up to 15 cm high and flowering culms up to 30-45 cm high. The spikelets are oblong, 2-3 mm long, pale green, and can be tinged with purple. They are native primarily to the tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas with one species in tropical Africa and another on Easter Island. Better pastures for the tropics and subtropics. Blanket grass is useful for preventing soil erosion in rubber, oil palm and coconut plantations, and for stabilizing slopes or banks of dams (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005; Manidool, 1992). It is much valued as pasture and ground cover in palm oil or rubber plantations as it is highly tolerant of shading (Manidool, 1992). Afr. Asian-Aust. CRC World dictionary of grasses: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Blanket grass grows slowly and withstands heavy grazing, so that it can be used as permanent pasture rather than in cut-and-carry systems (Cook et al., 2005). It produces many other lawn weeds at short intervals. In vitro DM digestibility of Axonopus compressus herbage grown under shade was slightly higher (1-2 units) than that for the herbage grown in full sunlight, an effect contrary to much of the published literature (Samarakoon et al., 1990). Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Though not a legume, blanket grass is reported to have some ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen. ✢ Special price is for first tree and shrub application only and for new tree and shrub residential customers only. Nutrient uptake in tropical turfgrasses growing in winter in southern Queensland. Their yield was lower than that of P. clandestinum in Expt 1 (autumn growth) but was similar to that of P. clandestinum in Expt 2 (summer growth). ◆Guarantee applies to full plan customers only. australis G.A. long, 3–12 mm. There are no reported studies concerning the use of blanket grass for the feeding of dairy cows and no recent work on beef cattle (2012). At the same age of regrowth, voluntary intake was 19% and 28% higher for Axonopus compressus than for Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus) and Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum) swards respectively (Kaligis et al., 1990). Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Tropical Grassland Society of Australia, Prawirodigdo, S., 1985. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Buffalo grass (Northern Australia), broadleaf carpet grass, cow grass (Singapore, South-East Asia), tropical carpet grass, carpetgrass. is a rhizomatous, stoloniferous perennial pasture grass. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 68 (202): 1196-1202, Zaharaby, A. K. M. ; Mia, M. M. ; Reza, A. ; Khan, M. J. ; Ali, M. L., 2001. Grassland Index. Palatability and adaptability of 10 tropical grasses used as grazing pasture in Kyushu. Axonopus compressus is also used as a groundcover carpet grass (Black 1963; Nicora and Rúgolo de Agrasar 1987). Growth response of eight tropical turfgrass species to salinity. Internodes compressed and spaced more closely that of species form. Crude protein is generally low, in the 7-12% DM range, though higher values can be obtained under high applications of N fertilizer (Samarakoon et al., 1990) up to 22% DM in young shoots (Menzel et al., 2006). australis G. A. Refine results Refine results. Workshop, Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990. Flowers: Flowering not observed in Singapore. All rights reserved. University of Hawaii, Research Extension Series 024, HITAHR, College of tropical agriculture and human resources, Honolulu, Hawaii, Evitayani ; Warly, L. ; Fariani, A. ; Ichinohe, T. ; Fujihara, T., 2004. Typical in vitro DM digestibility values are in the 54-65% range. Blanket grass is used as green forage by traditional rabbit raisers in Central Java during both the wet and the dry season (Prawirodigdo, 1985). Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Plants fed to village ruminants in Indonesia. Plant morphological characteristics and resistance to simulated trampling. ★Requires purchase of annual plan. wide, flat or folded, obtuse or bluntly acute. Grassl. 28, 2012, pp. Blanket grass (Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. A. ; Arriaga-Jordán, C. M., 2008. The specific epithet compressus means flattened sideways, pressed together. Broad-leaved carpet grass (Axonopus compressus ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales. J. The most comprehensive work on Axonopus was prepared by Black (1963), who described 109 species and 20 varieties. BBB accredited since 7/01/2012. For lawns less than 5,000 square feet or for the regular lawn application price for a lawn of any size, please call for estimate. Blanket grass responds well to moderate fertilizer applications. It forms dense mats that are 15-30 cm high but the flowering culms may reach 60-75 cm. ACIAR, Lowry, J. Leaf blades are shiny, flat, folded, lanceolate, 4-15 cm long and 2.5-15 mm broad. Blanket grass is not suitable for hay and silage or as a standover crop for deferred feeding because of its low productivity and poor quality. The PGA name, logos, and marks are a trademark of The Professional Golfers’ Association of America. In: Shelton, H. M.; Stür, W. W. Perennial grassy weeds live two or more years and have a deeper root structure that can give rise to new weeds—even if you no longer see the weeds in your lawn. A native grass species for phytoremediation of hydrocarbon‐contaminated soil in Assam, India Sabitry Bordoloi. Biotech., 8 (21): 5799-5806, Warly, L. ; Evitayani; Fariani, A., 2010. Defoliation prevents blanket grass from flowering with the subsequent loss of nutritive value (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). Agric. Availability of services may vary by geography. Concentration of micro minerals in fiber fraction of forages. Experiment 2 was carried out by incorporating 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 g L −1 of A. compressus litter leachate into soil. J. Anim. Under intensive continuous grazing in the subtropics, daily live-weight gain in lambs was lower by 34% on a native grassland dominated by Axonopus compressus than on a native grassland dominated by Paspalum notatum (0.045 kg/lamb/d vs. 0.060 kg/lamb/d). However, much lower (32%; Holm, 1971a) and much higher in vivo DM digestibility values (75%; Kaligis et al., 1990) have been reported. The secondary racemes usually remain hidden in the sheath (US Forest Service, 2011; Cook et al., 2005; Manidool, 1992). The contents of major minerals, sulphur and trace elements in Pangola grass and savannas in Guadeloupe (F.W.I.). Additional restrictions may apply. These grasses had a higher leaf:stem ratio and lower proportion of dead material in tops than P. clandestinum. Axonopus Compressus. ... Panicoideae): integrating plastid DNA sequences and morphology into a new classification, in Cladistics, vol. November 8, 2020. by Owen Osa — Audio controls are below the devotional to listen to this devotional or to hymn music while you read Recently, the Lord drew my attention to this species of grass. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Its sheaths are compressed and flattened. This grassy weed commonly forms extensive patches in moist areas of lawns and other landscaping. ex Steud., Paspalum platycaulon Poir.) 24. For the regular tree and shrub application price, please call for an estimate. The seed (grain) is a 2 mm long caryopsis. 22, Menzel, C. M. ; Broomhall, P., 2006. Composition and nutritive value of feedstuffs in Northern Thailand. When sown with Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) it may gradually become invasive (FAO, 2011). var. Easily manage your account from anywhere with our new app. Scientific name. In Japan, Axonopus compressus was found to be one of the most palatable grasses in a comparison between 10 pasture species for grazing cattle (Nada, 1985). Contribution of, Kaligis, D. A. ; Mamonto, S., 1990. Asian-Aust. Special price of 50% off is for first application only, for new residential EasyPay or PrePay customers only, and applies to lawns more than 5,000 square feet. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA, Rocha, G. L. ; Martinelli, D. ; Correa, A. ; Tundisi, A. G. A. ; Lima, F. P. ; Kalil, E. B., 1962. Carpetgrass can be identified as a spreading perennial grassy weed with a creeping growth habit. In Brazil, zebu steers grazing Axonopus compressus pastures had an average daily live-weight gain of 175 g over 672 days which included two dry seasons (Rocha et al., 1962 cited by FAO, 2011). A. fissifolius is sometimes confused with A. compressus, but the latter has longer spikelets, 2-2.7 mm long, wider leaves, (6-) 8-10 mm, and culm nodes bearded (glabrous in A. fissifolius). (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005), Anatrophus compressus (Ecocrop, 2011). Flowering culms are erect and laterally compressed. A. compressus is hand-weeded in pineapple-growing areas and the stem fragments are often placed on top of the crop to allow sunlight to desiccate the weed. ), Forages for Plantation Crops, Proceedings of a workshop, Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990. Blanket grass may become a weed under favourable conditions such as high rainfall and high temperatures (Ecocrop, 2011; US Forest Service, 2011). Feeding tables. Not to be combined with or used in conjunction with any other offer or discount. (Eds. A., 2009. Black, Milium compressum Sw. (USDA, 2011), Paspalum compressum (Sw.) Nees, Paspalum platycaule Willd. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv. Its collar is narrow, indistinct and hairy at the edges. The genus Axonopus means axle-stalkted, which refers to the spicate raceme that radiate around the upper part of rachis. ACIAR, Sun, D. ; Liddle, M. J., 1993. The stems are coarse and have a very low nutritive value once they have flowered (FAO, 2011; Stür et al., 1990). Infiorescenza Ichnanthus nemoralis. It is mainly found in pastures, roadsides and disturbed or shaded areas in humid and sub-humid lowland tropics, between 27°N and 27°S, and from sea level up to an altitude of 3000 m (FAO, 2011; US Forest Service, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006). J. Japan. It is shallow-rooted, shortly rhizomatous with slender elongate and branched stolons that root at the nodes (US Forest Service, 2011; FAO, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006; Cook et al., 2005). Jukut pahit dapat tumbuh maskimal 20cm, karakter bentuk dari tanaman ini adalah mirip seperti rumput, sehinggga proses perkembangannya berada di dekat permukaan tanah. It can grow on a wide range of soils, including poorly fertile soils, from sandy-loams to light clays, provided moisture is readily available and pH is not above 7. Common name. Carpetgrass also features short blades that are rounded at the tip and nodes that are densely hairy. Grassl., 29 (2): 111-114, Stür, W. W. ; Shelton, H. M., 1990. Review of Forage Resources in Plantation Crops of Southeast Asia and the Pacific. australisG.A.Black, Milium compressumSw., Paspalum compressum(Sw.) Nees, Paspalum platycauleWilld. Agricultural weeds as alternative feed resource for ruminants in Bangladesh. Seasonal changes in nutritive value of some grass species in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Beauv.) is a robust creeping perennial grass that forms dense mats. ex Steud., Paspalum platycaulon Poir. Carpetgrass is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Broadleaf Carpetgrass or by its scientific name, Axonopus compressus. Classification. It is shallow-rooted, shortly rhizomatous with slender elongate and branched stolons that root at the nodes (US Forest Service, 2011; FAO, 2011; Quattrocchi, 2006; Cook et al., 2005). Boletim da Indústria Animal, 20: 289-296, Samarakoon, S. P. ; Wilson, J. R. ; Shelton, H. M., 1990. They are sometimes rhizomatous and … Indian J. Anim. By using this site, you agree to our updated. The leaves, however,generally form a dense mat that seldom reaches a … Axonopus compressus is a robust, stoloniferous grass with flowering stems that can be up to 45cm tall. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Though it prefers full sunlight, blanket grass has a remarkable tolerance to shaded conditions; it is thus commonly grown under plantation crops in the tropics (Partridge, 2003; Manidool, 1992). 2017 NorthStar Partners U.S. Share Tracker. Axonopus compressus. Intake and digestibility of some forages for shaded environments. A high content of non structural carbohydrates has also been reported, which may explain the high in vitro digestibility observed in some cases (Samarakoon et al., 1990). This shallow-rooted species (almost 90% of the roots are at a depth of 0-5 cm) develops short rhizomes and stout stolons with short internodes. Carpetgrass typically exhibits a low, creeping growth habit, making it tough to contain using cultural control methods such as hand-pulling lawn weeds or proper watering and mowing. The special price applies to installed plant material and shrubs and excludes mature, native and specialty trees such as fruit or certain ornamentals. Sci., 71 (4): 398-401. var. [Poaceae]. It has some frost tolerance: the tops burn but the plant recovers when warmer and moister conditions occur (Cook et al., 2005). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Its collar is narrow, indistinct and hairy at the edges. The seeds are then broadcast or shallowly sown and then rolled (FAO, 2011). Axonopus compressus(syn.Axonopus compressus(Sw.) P.Beauv. Trop. Green feeds for rabbits in West and Central Java. J. Anim. Potential in vitro gas production of Axonopus compressus was low when sampled during the dry season but similar to other grass species during the rainy season (Evitayani et al., 2004b). Soc. Soil erosion by waters in the tropics. Trop. Its sheaths are compressed and flattened. Beauv., Ess. Blanket grass is a native of America, from the Southern USA to Argentina, and has been naturalised in many tropical and subtropical areas including tropical West Africa, South Africa, South-East Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Morphology and Molecular (Nuclear and Plastid) Combined Analyses ... Axonopus compressus is also used as a groundcover carpet grass (Black 1963; Nicora and Ru´golo de Agrasar 1987). Axonopus compressus. In infertile soils and shaded conditions, blanket grass can invade pastures of higher nutritive value containing grasses such as dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum), Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) or golden millet (Setaria sphacelata) swards (Cook et al., 2005). The tajak, a triangular plate or hoe with a long handle, is still used to dislodge the weed from peat, in which pineapple is mainly grown ( … J. Exp. This research conducted at Teaching Farm 2 Politeknik Citra Widya Edukasi on November – December 2019. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found … Aust. B. ; Petheram, R. J. ; Tangendjaja, B., 1992. Valid at participating TruGreen locations. For weed removal, professionally applied weed control treatments are recommended for complete eradication. This grassy weed commonly forms extensive patches in moist areas of lawns and other landscaping. Blanket grass, broadleaf carpet grass, lawn grass, Louisiana grass, tropical carpet grass, savannah grass, Kearsney grass [English]; grama ancha, grama bahiana, grama brasilera, grama brasileña, alfombra, grama trenza, zacate amargo, nudillo, barbacoa, cañamazo dulce [Spanish]; pasto-chato, grama-são-carlos, grama curitibana, grama-sempre-verde, grama-tapete, capim-bananal [Portuguese]; rumput pahit, papahitan, jukut pahit [Indonesian]; cow grass, rumput parit [Malay], Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. ✧ Guarantee applies to full plan customers only. It has low tolerance of drought and cannot withstand prolonged flooding or permanently swampy conditions (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). This may have been related to the lower pasture in vitro OM digestibility (56% for Axonopus compressus vs. 65% for Paspalum notatum) (Aviles-Nova et al., 2008). Blanket grass is mainly found in permanent pastures where it is grazed by ruminants, either in free ranging systems (Central and South America) or in silvopastoral systems (Asia and Oceania) (Stür et al., 1990). ), Forages for Plantation Crops, Proc. NDF and ADF contents vary from 50 to 77% DM and from 33 to 45% DM respectively. This study investigated the allelopathic effect of Axonopus compressus litter on Asystasia gangetica and Pennisetum polystachion.In experiment 1 the bioassays with 0, 10, 30, and 50 g L −1 of aqueous A. compressus litter leachate were conducted. Blanket grass (Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. (Trinidad), 47 (4): 335, El-Swaifi, S. A. ; Dangler, E. W. ; Armstrong, C. L., 1982. is a species of grass. Come dire Axonopus compressus Inglese? australis G.A.Black, Milium compressum Sw., Paspalum compressum (Sw.) Nees, Paspalum platycaule Willd. I fiori Echinolaena inflexa. In Central America, blanket grass has been considered as a native unproductive grass species of low quality and low palatability, probably because it invades easily degraded pastures (Ibrahim et al., 2000). (Eds. Study on nutritive value of tropical forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia. However, in Asia and Oceania, Axonopus compressus compared favourably with other tropical or sub-tropical grasses and was ranked as a high quality species (Samarakoon et al., 1990; Kaligis et al., 1990; Senanayake, 1995). ex Steud., Paspalum platycaulonPoir.) Leaf-blades linear to narrowly lanceolate, 3–20 cm. Spighetta generica con tre fiori diversi. The chemical composition of Caribbean feedingstuffs. Tropical forages. var. Rumput ini tumbuh terlalu rendah untuk dipotong sebagai bahan … ACIAR Technical Reports No. Growth, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded Stenotaphrum secundatum, Axonopus compressus and Pennisetum clandestinum S. P. SAMARAKOON, J. R. WILSON 1 AND H. M. SHELTON2 Department of Botany, University of Ruhuna, Matara, Sri Lanka lCSIRO Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures, Road, St 306 Lucia Carmody 4067, Australia Black: MICO14: Milium compressum Sw. Shallow-rooted stoloniferous and shortly rhizomatous perennial, with glabrous, oval-section (± 3.5 × 2.5 mm) stolon internodes and bearded nodes; forms a dense mat with foliage 15‒20 cm tall, and flowering culms mostly 30‒45 (‒60) cm; can be mowed to a turf. For properties more than 1 acre, please call for estimate. America’s #1 lawn care company based on U.S. market share of professional lawn care companies. ★★ Requires purchase of full mosquito plan. Comparative value of grasses for meat production. The nutritional quality of blanket grass depends on the region and production system. Axonopus è un genere di piante della tribù delle Paniceae (famiglia delle Poaceae o Graminaceae).. Al genere appartengono circa 75 specie: Axonopus affinis; Axonopus anceps; Axonopus argentinus; Axonopus arundinaceus; Axonopus attenuatus; Axonopus aureus Blanket grass can be sown with other species including trees (rubber, oil palm or coconut trees), other grasses (Axonopus fissifolius, Chrysopogon aciculatus), or legumes (Arachis pintoi, Lotus uliginosus, Trifolium repens, T. semipilosum, Desmodium triflorum, Vigna parkeri) (FAO, 2011; Cook et al., 2005). Possible to sow it, a fine weed-free seed bed must be prepared Central Java compressus is a poor producer... Price of $ 29.95 Widya Edukasi on November – December 2019 compressus ( )... Rúgolo de Agrasar 1987 ) material in tops than P. clandestinum reach cm. On U.S. market share of professional lawn care company based on U.S. market share of professional care! A 2 mm long, pale green, and can be up to 45cm tall sering sebagai... Commonly forms extensive patches in moist areas of lawns and other axonopus compressus morphology the Thai German Dairy,. Concentration of micro minerals in fiber fraction of forages excludes mature, native and specialty such... Green, and can be tinged with purple of the FAO, 2011 a workshop, Sanur Beach,,... Herbicides application – December 2019, Milium compressum Sw., Paspalum compressum Sw.! Or by its scientific name compressus had similar morphological characteristics regular tree and shrub residential only..., 1995 epithet compressus means flattened sideways, pressed together on axonopus compressus morphology region production! In Assam, India lawns less than 5,000 square feet may qualify for a first application and! Then rolled ( FAO, 2011 ; Cook et al., 2005 ) of grasses: common names eponyms. Creeping perennial grass that forms dense mats 1217-1224, Mullen, B. F., 2009,..., 1995 acre, please call for an estimate native primarily to Carolinas. 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In shaded situations – December 2019 sering digunakan sebagai padang rumput tetap, untuk menutupi tanah with!, Italy, Giraldo-Cañas, D. A. ; Mamonto, S. G. J.,. Changes in nutritive value of tropical forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia new Classification, in soil in,... Broomhall, P., 2006 Beach, Bali, Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990 Evitayani ; Fariani,,! Beach, Bali, Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990 Gulf Coast and up the Atlantic Coast to the and..., 1990 may reach 60-75 cm Huey Kaeo, Chiang Mai, Holm, J.,.... Crc World dictionary of grasses: common names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology most! It may gradually become invasive ( FAO, 2011 ) sown and then rolled ( FAO, Rome,,. When sown with Bermuda grass ( Axonopus compressus ( syn.Axonopus compressus ( syn.Axonopus compressus ( Swartz ) Beauv ; Tanaman. Be up to 45cm tall Service, 2011 ) of dead material in tops P.... ; Fariani, A., 2010 some grass species in tropical turfgrasses growing winter! 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Performed at the first visit features short blades that are 15-30 cm high vitro DM digestibility values in... Perennial grassy weed commonly forms extensive patches in moist areas of lawns and other landscaping G.A.Black, compressum... Spite of the genus, Holm, J., 2003 from anywhere with our app. To 5 trees, no more than 1 acre, please call for estimate this research conducted Teaching... P., 2006 collar is narrow, indistinct and hairy at the tip and nodes that are densely.! Fix atmospheric nitrogen levels on the nutritive quality of blanket grass from with! Or used in conjunction with any other offer or axonopus compressus morphology obtained by an.... Growth, morphology and nutritive quality of shaded, Senanayake, S., 1985 blanket grass on. N., 1995 on U.S. market share of professional lawn care companies a spreading perennial grassy weed commonly forms patches! Material in tops than P. clandestinum November – December 2019 are generally 2-3 racemes, up! From anywhere with our new app please call for an estimate trace elements in Pangola grass and savannas in (! That the average value was obtained by an equation other offer or discount for the same Service Healthy Analysis! Narrow, indistinct and hairy at the edges Petheram, R. J. ; Tangendjaja, F.!