Susceptible to DSMA, bentazon, bromoxynil, 2,2-DPA and metsulfuron methyl. DM yields are low in comparison with other pasture grasses; mostly in the range of 1‒5 t/ha/yr, even in fertilised grass. 1-inch long narrow green leaves are flat or folded with fine hairs on the margin near the base. Shallow-rooted (>90% of roots in the 0‒5 cm layer) perennial, initially forming shortly rhizomatous tufts that quickly develop vigorous stolons with relatively short, glabrous oval-section (± 2 × 1.5 mm) internodes;  forms a dense mat with foliage 15‒30 cm tall, and flowering culms mostly 30‒60 cm;  can be mowed to a turf. Suggested method of management and control. Common name - Carpet grass, Louisiana grass, mat grass, narrowleaved grass. (1971) Response of a mat grass - paspalum sward to fertilizer application. p. 44–45. and Bunch, G.A. Carpetgrass Seed - Use carpetgrass seed for lawns in wet soil areas in lower South. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Estrateg. Species Family: Poaceae (alt. So, every region has its own features. Linhas Telegr. Longman Inc., New York, USA. Description. Call now on +61 02 6632 3925. Similar species. Grasses react according to the climate and the soil conditions. See this plant in the following landscape: CABI Publishing, Wallingford, Oxon, UK. Herbicide effects No data, but probably similar to A. fissifolius: "Susceptible to DSMA, bentazon, bromoxynil, 2,2-DPA and metsulfuron methyl. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Fairly palatable in vegetative state. Campbell, L.R.V. The seeds are then broadcast or shallowly sown and then rolled . 2,2_DPA at 4.8 kg/ha may also be effective. Differs from A. fissifolius in being more stoloniferous and in having stouter culms and stolons, broader leaves, and longer, more acute spikelets. germplasm, a group of 71 A. fissifolius seedlings from a locally purchased seed source (produced in Australia) was included in this research evaluation. We are a producer and distributor of quality tropical and sub tropical grass seeds, legumes, lawn grasses as well as winter forages and legumes. Used as a permanent pasture in moist, low fertility soils. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192. The height is can range between 0.5 and 2 feet if unmown. young seed-head (Photo: Sheldon Navie) Weeds of Australia - Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet Axonopus fissifolius Scientific Name Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Although mostly growing in areas where fire is not a problem, it recovers quickly from fire. A. compressus seeds had a germination rate of 45% after 2 weeks, 55% after 8 weeks, 65% after 8 weeks, and 65% after 24 weeks, under alternating temperatures of 15°C (16 h) and 35°C (8 h) daily . Spray when actively growing from spring to autumn with 13 ml/L Fusilade® Forte + wetting agent or for generic fluazifop-p (212g/L active ingredient) 8ml/L + wetting agent. In NC it is found in the coastal and Piedmont areas. A. fissifolius is regarded as a useful pasture or turf grass on less fertile soils, and as such has been very widely introduced across Asia and the Pacific, but has proved unduly aggressive in many regions, competing with more desirable pasture species and threatening native flora, especially in Australia, Hawaii and other Pacific islands. Common name. It prefers acidic, well-drained soil and regular watering. Tropical Grasslands 37:151–164. The seed (grain) is an ellipsoid caryopsis, tan to pale brown in colour (Cook et al., 2005). Mostly found in areas with an annual rainfall of 750 mm up to 4,000 mm. bit.ly/2ws2wt2, Lima, L.M.S., Alquini, Y., Brito, C.J.F.A. Carpetgrass ( Axonopus fissifolius [Raddi] Kuhlm.) 1922. May have a reddish cast at maturity. In general, it’s a low-maintenance turfgrass; however, because of the prolific seed heads production, it may require more frequent mowing to be more aesthetically please. Narrowleaf carpet grass. Best growth on light-textured, moist soils with pH 5‒6 (4.3‒7.0), flourishing in soils too infertile for Paspalum dilatatum, but also adapted to clays, mucks and peats. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paspaleae subtribe: Paspalinae. Spray when actively growing from spring to autumn with 13 ml/L Fusilade® Forte + wetting agent. 2.5‒3 million seeds per kg. Although mostly growing in areas where fire is not a problem, it recovers quickly from fire. Family - … Narrowleaf carpetgrass (Axonopus fissifolius) is generally considered a more favorable, attractive choice for use in temperate home garden landscapes.This species was previously known as Axonopus affinis before being renamed.It's not uncommon to still see it being referred to by its old botanical name. Frequent grazing also helps to maintain it in a vegetative state. Flowering inhibited at temperatures <13 °C. is a common perennial warm-season turfgrass grown in Louisiana. Paspalum dilatatum. Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2012). (1977) Tropical Pasture and Fodder Plants. Guidelines for establishment and management of sown forages. Commercial seed is largely produced in the humid sub-tropics, mostly as 'opportunity' crops. They are native primarily to the tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas with one species in tropical Africa and another on Easter Island. Dominates annual weeds in forages. Differs from A. compressus in having more slender culms and stolons, narrower leaves and shorter, more obtuse spikelets; culm nodes are glabrous (bearded in A. compressus). Axonopus is a genus of plants in the grass family, known generally as carpet grass. Central and southeastern U.S.A., Tropical/ Subtropical America, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 2-4 spike-like racemes are 1.5-4 inches long in June-October. Carpet grass is a Gulf Coast, heat-loving native that can't tolerate Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. ), South Carolina, Texas, Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela, Widely naturalized and used as a turf and forage in the humid tropics and subtropics in Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Leaf sheath compressed, keeled, largely glabrous;  ligule a fringed membrane 0.5 mm long;  blades 4‒6 (‒8) mm wide, and 5‒15 (‒28) cm long, flat or folded, glabrous except for sparse spreading hairs on the lower margins of young leaves, bluntly acute at the tip. The scientific name of broadleaf carpet grass is Axonopus compressus, from the family Poaceae, the family of grasses, and it is similar in appearance to the closely related Axonopus fissifolius (sometimes known as Axonopus affinis). hdl.handle.net/10125/5989, Jones, R.M. 2.6‒3 million seeds per kg. Although a range of fungi and nematodes have been found on A. fissifolius, biotic constraints are not considered to be a production-limiting factor. It will grow in poor soils in sun or partial shade. Grasses:  Axonopus compressus, Chrysopogon aciculatus.Legumes:  Arachis pintoi, Grona heterophylla, G. triflora, Lotus uliginosus, Trifolium repens, , Vigna parkeri. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Suggested method of management and control. While preferring moist soils, it is not well adapted to prolonged flooding or swampy conditions. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. Closely related to broadleaf carpetgrass. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Axonopus fissifolius - Paspalum fissifolium Raddi -- Discover Life Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Formerly Axonopus affinis. It is generally too low growing to be useful in cut-and-carry systems or for fodder conservation. Very shade tolerant. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. (1988) Cover Crops for Orchards in Hawaii. It will grow in poor soils in sun or partial shade. Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm. de and Deschamps, F.C. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to If you don´t select the right region, it doesn´t matter how good seed can be, it will not germinate there. Axonopus fissifolius, Common Carpetgrass. Ligule short still hairs. A. fissifolius flowers over a wide range of daylengths, seed production being greatest at 12‒14 h daylength. Thrives under heavy grazing, down to stubble height of 5‒5.7 cm. As soil nitrogen levels decline, because of its low-fertility requirements A. fissifolius can successfully invade pastures of more fertility demanding species such as Paspalum dilatatum and Cynodon dactylon. Show All Show Tabs common carpetgrass In: Loch, D.S. Does not compete strongly with companion legume. A combination of greenhouse and field evaluations Axonopus fissifolius. It has a spreading habit and is soil compaction and heat tolerant, but not drought tolerant. Axonopus fissifolius. (2001) Degradação ruminal dos tecidos vegetais e composição bromatológica de cultivares de Axonopus scoparius (Flüegge) Kuhlm. In vivo organic matter digestibility of fresh grass: 66.0%. Moderately shade-tolerant, but less so than A. compressus. How to Plant Carpet Grass. Las especies del género Axonopus (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paspaleae) en Brasil Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 36: 317-354. Much lower than e.g. They are sometimes rhizomatous and many are tolerant of periodic submersion.. Occurs on low, flat areas in humid and sub-humid warm temperate to tropical woodland and savannah. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Mato Grosso Amazonas 11: 87. Adapted to low-fertility soils but will respond to fertilizers, particularly nitrogen, however, with low use efficiency. In NC it is found in the coastal and Piedmont areas. Quality seed is assured with vigorous sampling methods, accredited staff and crop inspections, with only the best seed selected. Ciência Rural 31:509–515. Dense ground cover for erosion control and turf in moist, low fertility soils. While its leaf blades are appreciably narrower (50-60%) than those of broadleaf carpetgrass, narrowleaf carpetgrass is still a coarse-textured species. Carpet grass (Axonopus affinis) is a warm-season grass that is valuable for its ability to grow in difficult places, such as shady and boggy areas. Spikelets hairy, 1.7-2.2 mm long and apically blunt. This plant goes dormant in winter in NC and spreads by stolons and seeds. Common Carpetgrass is native, warm-season, stoloniferous perennial grass found in sandy pine forests, fields, lawns, and roadsides. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. Strengths Grows on poor soil. Subsequent rolling helps maintain soil moisture and ensures close contact between soil and seed. Crops ripen unevenly and are mostly harvested non-destructively, providing about 50 kg/ha of seed per pass. Inflorescence a panicle mostly comprising 2 or 3 spikelike racemes, Basionym: Paspalum fissifolium Raddi; Axonopus affinis Chase. Seed production Seed can be harvested with a stripper type harvester. While in most other grass seed crops, stands are 'cleared off' to produce a synchronous crop, and nitrogen fertilizer applied to promote tillering, this is generally not followed for seed crops of this species. Tolerant of diclofop methyl. Leaf blades rounded on the tips. It can become a troublesome weed in the wet tropics. Grains / Seeds - Sowing NPPO details: United States Department of Agriculture, Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection & Quarantine, Maryland. Frequent grazing also helps to maintain it in a vegetative state. Header harvesting should begin when 60‒80% of the seed-heads are of a light brown colour. Australian Seeds Producer & Exporter | Richmond River Seeds Tolerant of diclofop methyl." The plant has naturalized in many parts of the world. Usually well-grazed in association with companion legume. It is often used as a lawn grass in recreational areas, a cover crop or in pastures. Crops are often mixed with Axonopus fissifolius, the seed of which is easily screened from the P. dilatatum seed. Inflorescence a panicle comprising 2 or 3 (rarely 4‒7) slender, spikelike racemes, paired or sub-digitately arranged on a long slender peduncle;  racemes (2‒) 3‒7 (‒10) cm long;  spikelets 1.7‒2.8 mm long, 1 mm broad, inserted alternately at either side of a flattened rachis;  caryopsis tan to pale brown, compressed-ellipsoid to lenticular, 1.4‒1.8 mm long. Latitudinal range of distribution: 40° N to 40° S.  Mean annual temperature range reported: 8‒30 °C. This can yield 30 kg or more of seed each pass. Thus, this collection consisted of both vegetatively collected clonal material and single plants from seed that were maintained as clonal pots. Fresh seed should be dried at no more than 35 ºC, to avoid damage to the seed. (2012). Carpet grass, (Axonopus fissifolius), mat-forming perennial grass of the family Poaceae, native to sandy soils in southeastern North America.Carpet grass is occasionally used as a lawn and pasture grass in warm areas, but its use generally indicates declining soil fertility, because it is a low-quality forage. Exporters must confirm with the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock & Food Supply (MARA) if an import permit is required for the consignment. Fire. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Common Carpergrass (Axonopus fissifolius) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Best growth on long days (15 h). bit.ly/39heQdj, Evans, D.O., Joy, R.J. and Chia, C.L. Planting grass seed in Florida has its own challenges, just like any other region. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. (2003) Experiences with farm pastures at the former CSIRO Samford Research Station, south-east Queensland, and how these relate to results from 40 years of research. A. fissifolius flowers over a wide range of daylengths, seed production being greatest at 12‒14 h daylength. Citation: AXONOPUS FISSIFOLIUS (Raddi) Kuhlmann, Comiss. Axonopus fissifolius has hairy spikelets, 1/4" wide leaves and no still hairs on leaf margins. The method of seed germination testing was described by Johnston and Harty (1981). Synonyms: Axonopus affinis Chase, Paspalum fissifolium Raddi (basionym). Cassidy, G.J. Though Axonopus fissifolius is supposed to have narrower leaves than Axonopus compressus, these closely related species cannot be easily distinguished from one another due to hybridization and variability in leaf width (Bogdan, 1977). e Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm. A. fissifolius flowers over a wide range of daylengths, seed production being greatest at 12‒14 h daylength. Common carpetgrass is a native, warm-season, stoloniferous perennial grass. Live-weight gains recorded on unfertilised A. fissifolius are very low (70‒170 kg/ha). Tropical Grasslands 5:11–22. Carpet Grass AgriCOTE (sold by Barenbrug Australia). Thrives under heavy grazing, down to stubble height of 5‒5.7 cm. N.C. Under favourable conditions and being a prolific seeder, spreads by seeds (more so than A. compressus) and by stolons and rhizomes (less so than A. compressus). Consignments are to be free from pests, soil, weed seeds and extraneous material. This plant goes dormant in winter in NC and spreads by stolons and seeds. doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782001000300025, Making the most of small quantities of seed. and Ferguson, J.E. Carpet Grass for Lawns A sturdy, warm season grass, carpet grass (Axonopus fissifolius) is disease- and insect-resistant, fills in quickly and creates a dense, wear-resistant mat. Frequent grazing also helps to maintain it in a vegetative state. (1999) Paspalum dilatatum and Axonopus affinis in Australia. Our focus in this article will be on narrowleaf carpet grass. Reported CP of fresh grass: 7.0%, dropping after seeding to 4‒6%; data from south Brazil: 10.3% CP after 6 weeks, 6.3% after 20 weeks. https://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_axfi.pdf, https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/112632, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242435815. p. 325–333. Choice of sowing rate depends on quality of seedbed and the rate of ground cover required; 5‒15 kg/ha are recommended. Ergot sclerotia are mostly larger than the seed and can also be largely removed with screening. Carpetgrass will tolerate full sun to slightly shady conditions (About same as Centipede grass shade tolerance) Carpetgrass is a creeping warm season grass also called \Louisiana Grass\". Basionym: Paspalum fissifolium Raddi 1823. Criteria Criteria Required? Synonyms Axonopus affinis Chase Paspalum fissifolium Raddi Family Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western (eds) Forage seed production, Volume 2: Tropical and subtropical species. Stems flattened. 2-4 racemes with very small spikelets alternating in 2 rows. When seed is available, it is broadcast onto, or shallowly sown into, a well-prepared seedbed or ashes after a scrub burn. Relevant web addresses: Export Criteria. Defoliation. Axonopus fissifolius seed. Tolerates heavy grazing. Some frost tolerance (higher than A. compressus). It can be found in lawns as desired or an infestation due to its similarity to other turfgrass species. Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm. Defoliation Thrives under heavy grazing, down to stubble height of 5‒5.7 cm. Asia: 类地毯草 lei di tan cao (China); rumput permaidani (Malaysia), English: caratao grass, carpet grass, common carpet grass, Louisiana grass (USA);  mat grass, narrow-leaved (narrowleaf) carpet grass, Durrington grass (Australia), Europe: Teppichrasengras (German); assonopo (Italian), Latin America: grama-missioneira (Brazil); gramalote (Spanish); zacate amargo (Mexico), Native: Northern America: Mexico (s.), USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma (s.e. The best grass seed according to your region. 2,2_DPA at 4.8 kg/ha may also be effective. Carpetgrass grows well on extremely wet acid soils (ph 5-5.5) where many other grasses will not survive. Good ground cover. Bogdan, A.V. It is best suited for areas with wet, acidic soil. It is often used as a lawn grass in recreational areas, a cover crop or in pastures. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. 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