clothes (knitted or woven) The fully-relaxed state is only found after the fabrics have been thoroughly wetted-out, briefly hydroextracted, and tumble-dried. The dimensional stability (shrinkage) test was measured according to ISO 6330. Box 101981 The higher the drape coefficient, the stiffer is the fabric. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. A high level of elasticity and recovery is being possessed by knitted fabric for unique properties. At the same time, fabric comfort has gained priority over fabric durability. Knitted structures have an important influence on the dimensional stability of the knitted fabric. While with a greater intrinsic elasticity, knits have two independent elastic moduli and a complex, out-of-plane bending response. In the test method, a washing machine to wet out (swell) the fiber/fabric under tensionless conditions was used. The vertical rows of loops are called ribs or wales, and horizontal rows of loops are called courses. Fabric cost and cut-and-sew labor are the two largest expenses in apparel manufacturing 2.Raw materials represent 50 to 70 percent of the total product cost 3, but compromises in quality and quantity of fabric directly influences the quality of a final product.Instead, the viable solution to … By substituting the measured values in the formula, the loop length was measured. Comparatively, single pique has higher width-wise extensibility and recovery values but lower length-wise extensibility and recovery value. The fabric mechanical properties, in turn, are dependent upon the fabric type (e.g. The modeling studies to explain mechanical properties of TRPCs have been investigated. Utility Characteristics. Plain, rib, interlock and purl are the four basic wefts knitted structures from which all other weft-knitted structures can be derived. This is due to the higher yarn tension on tuck loop causes then to rob yarn from adjacent knitted loops, making them smaller and providing greater stability and shape retention. Since the edges of a piece of fabric are free for movement, they are more likely to curl. A tuck stitch contains a held loop, more tuck loops and knitted loops. In this regard, some of the characteristics of yarns and fabrics, knitted from the mentioned yarns, were measured and analysed. Table 5. Knit, tuck and miss stitches can be combined to produce different stitch designs. Shrinkage is the process in which a fabric becomes smaller than its original size, usually through the process of laundry. knitted or woven) and structure (e.g. A Digital thickness gauge (MESDAN, model: D-2000) was used to measure the thickness of the fabric samples in accordance to ASTM D1777-96. Due to these reasons, cross miss structure shows higher GSM value than single jersey structures. Discover a curated selection of men’s clothing, footwear and lifestyle items. Since its … The float used to connect the adjacent wales and make the fabric narrower. Width-wise shrinkage of all structures is within the acceptable limit. The loop value was measured by taking 70 wales. This is due to the presence of floating yarn (float stitch) that connects adjacent wales close to each other. Login failed. Crimps: Wool fibre is more or less wavy and has twisted. Neck warmers differ again in that they are generally a tubular design, slipped over the head, covering the bottom half of the face and leaving the top exposed. Some of them are:; yarn variables, such as yarn strength, count, evenness, twist, extensibility, rigidness and finishing treatment; machine variables such as machine gauge, speed, needle timing, needle arrangement, knitting elements and so on; knitting variables such as feeding type or input tension and fabric takedown tension; and state of a fabric, such as obtained just after production from knitting machine, dry relaxed state, fully relaxed state and finished state.2. It has a characteristic of accommodating the body contour and provided the ease of movement. ACT Voluntary Performance Guidelines. This work evinces that fluorescent dye has no inauspicious effect on the physical properties of cotton knit fabric. Using a Metler make digital measuring balance, it was measured by using a cutting device (round, area 100 cm2). Properties of Knitted Fabrics - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. fabric properties at grey stage can help us to take various control & corrective actions when necessary. Both... 2. A fabric’s bending characteristics contribute to differences in the way it conforms to the body. The way in which a fabric drapes or hangs depends largely on its stiffness, that is, its resistance to bending and its own weight. Ultimately, the inherent anisotropy of both woven and knitted fabrics unites their descriptions. It is not released and knocked-over until the next, or a later, yarn is fed. Characteristics of Knitted Fabrics 1. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. Drape is the term used to describe the way a fabric hangs under its own weight but according to the present study, fabric weight has a lesser role in fabric drape ability. As it was mentioned above, a single pique structure has higher areal density than single jersey and cross miss structure but lower drape coefficient value than cross miss structure. The results show that single jersey structure has higher extensibility and recovery value as compared to single pique and cross miss structures. In general, the knitted fabrics have more stretchable property compared to the woven fabrics [2,3]. Page 1 ® ACT … Drapery The curling is one of the disadvantages of single jersey knitted fabrics. To make underwear and outerwear such as unevenness, hairiness and tenacity were evaluated comparatively result! Purpose without your consent a link to share a read only version this... Behaviour ) called ribs or wales, and reducing width-wise elasticity and improving fabric stability, and width-wise... Knitted loops becomes smaller or larger and the loop reduces its height and wider... 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